A co-benefits approach is a win-win strategy aimed at capturing both development and climate benefits in a single policy or measure. The term "cobenefits" appeared in the academic literature in time of the Third Assessment Report (AR3) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published in 2001. The IPCC AR3 distinguished co-benefits or the intended positive side effects of a policy from ancillary benefits or unintended positive side effects. "Side benefits", "secondary benefits", "collateral benefits", and "associated benefits" have also been used to connote similar ideas - the term may be used here for general purposes beyond climate change policies. (Source: Asian Co-benefits Partnership).